Boerboel Breed Standard (Clause 3 of the Constitution) 1. BREED STANDARD CRITERIA The Breed Standard is a guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of the breed and ensures that the   breed   is   fit   for   function.   The   aim   of   this   Breed   Standard   is   to   provide   guidelines   to   breeders,   appraisers   and   judges,   who   should   at   all times   be   vigilant   to   avoid   obvious   conditions   or   excessiveness,   that   would   be   detrimental   in   any   way   to   the   health,   welfare   or   absolute soundness   of   the   Boerboel.Type,   conformation,   functional   efficiency,   mentality   and   composure   are   equally   important   in   the   evaluation of   the   Boerboel   as   a   whole.   The   protective   character   of   the   breed   is   evident,   as   well   as   its   impressive   demeanour,   good   temperament, controllability   and   mobility.Although   the   Boerboel   has   become   a   popular   breed   internationally,   the   centre   for   breed   specific   knowledge remains   in   South   Africa,   as   this   is   where   its   character   is   embedded.Faults:   Any   departure   from   the   Breed   Standard   shall   be   considered   a fault   and   the   seriousness   with   which   the   fault   shall   be   regarded,   shall   be   in   exact   proportion   to   the   degree   and   its   effect   on   the   health and   welfare   of   the   dog.Disqualification:   Any   serious   deviations   and/or   combinations   of   deviations   from   the   Breed   Standard   that   may affect   the   dog’s   health   and/or   performance   negatively   shall   lead   to   disqualification   at   the   discretion   of   the   senior   appraiser.   (Refer   to   3.3: Disqualification). 1.1. TEMPERAMENT AND CHARACTER   The Boerboel is: a) manageable, reliable, obedient, trainable and intelligent; b) self-confident and fearless; c) a dog with a strong protective instinct and loyal to members of the family; d) shows courage when threatened; e) steadfast and calm, with a balanced and confident nature when approached and f) a dog requiring training and firm handling from an early age. 1.2. GENERAL APPEARANCE The Boerboel is: a) a large dog with a strong-boned structure; b)   perfectly   balanced   within   the   desired   proportions   for   the   breed.   The   main   structural   components   of   the   dog   should   show acceptable                     proportions   to   each   other.   The   body   is   approximately   10   -   15%   longer   than   the   height   (at   the   withers)   and   is measured horizontally, from the prosternum (breastbone) to a vertical line at the rear of the rump; c) a dog with prominent and well-developed musculature; d)   impressive   and   imposing   in   appearance,   created   by   a   combination   of   conformation,   carriage,   confidence   and   powerful, buoyant and unencumbered movement - notwithstanding its size. e)   Males   are   distinctly   masculine,   larger   and   more   heavily   built   with   stronger   bone,   while   females   are   distinctly   feminine,   but without weakness of substance or structure. Sexual dimorphism must be clearly evident. f) The ideal height of a male is 66 cm but not lower than 60 cm. g) The ideal height of a female is 61 cm but not lower than 55 cm. h)   Height   must   always   be   in   relation   to   mass   (minimum   of   1:1   and   a   maximum   of   about   1:1.25),   overall   balance   and   conformation of major body components. 1.3. HEAD The shape and size of the head is a typical feature of the breed. The head a) is large and typically Boerboel with no signs of another breed, and in proportion with the rest of the body components; b) circumference equals the height to the withers (upper point of scapula); c) is short, broad, deep, cubed, muscular and has well-filled cheeks. Head characteristics are quantifiable in terms of: 1.3.1 Skull a) The skull is large, well-muscled and cubed in appearance. b) The width of the skull is equal to the length thereof. c)   The   length   of   the   roof   of   the   skull   (measured   from   the   middle   of   the   eye   to   the   end   of   the   occiput)   must   be   relative   to   the length of the nasal bone in a relation of 1:1 to a maximum of 1:1.5. d) The plateau is wide and flat with prominent musculature. e) When the dog is alert, the upper level between the ears appears flat. 1.3.2 Face a) The face gradually blends with the scull. b) The face may be with or without a black mask. 1.3.3 Ears   The ears are defined by: a) Setting: i.   The earflaps are set high and wide. ii.  The earflaps are carried close to the head. iii. When attentive, the top of the earflaps must form a straight line with the plateau. b) Shape: i.   Obviously V-shaped; ii.  no creases and iii. a broad base. c) Size: i.   The earflaps are medium sized and in proportion to the head. ii.  The bottom edge of the earflap is in line with the dentition. 1.3.4 Eyes   The eyes are defined by: a) Size and setting: i.   Medium sized, rounded, forward facing, and widely spaced; ii.  set on the same horizontal level and iii. not protruding, slanted or deep set. b) Eyelids: i.   Firm, well pigmented; ii.  no structural deviations such as entropion, ectropion, disticiasis or signs of surgical intervention. iii. The third eyelid (haw) should not be visible. c) Colour:   The colour of the eye is any shade of yellow or brown, and preferably darker than the lightest shade of the pelt. 1.3.5 Stop a) The stop is visible, but not prominent/pronounced or absent. b) The section between the eyes is well filled. 1.3.6 Nasal bone (Muzzle) The nasal bone is defined by: a) Shape: i.   Deep, broad, cubed shaped, and tapers slightly towards the front, but not snipey. ii.  Straight and parallel to the line of the cranial roof. iii. Well attached and filled below the eyes.   iv. The nostrils are large and widely spaced. b) Width and depth: i.   The width is almost equal to its length. ii.  The depth should equal the length. c) Length: The nasal bone is in proportion to the head, and measures approximately a third of the total length of the head, i.e. approximately 10 cm for a male of 66 cm and 8 cm for a female of 61 cm. (Refer to 3.1.3 above.) d) Pigmentation:   The nose leather is black. 1.3.7 Lips a) The upper lip (under the nose) covers the top of the bottom lip. b) The upper lip does not extend below the underline of the lower jaw. c) The bottom lip is moderately tight (not too loose and fleshy), without open or excessive lip. 1.3.8 Teeth a) Dentition is complete. b) Teeth are correctly spaced. c) Teeth are ideally in a scissor bite. 1.3.9 Jaws  The jaws are strong, deep and broad and taper slightly towards the front. 1.4. NECK The neck is defined by: a) Shape: i. Forms a unit with the head and the shoulders; ii. muscular and ideally with a discernible crest. b) Length:  The neck is of medium length and in proportion to the rest of the dog. The length equals about 1/3 of the height at the withers. c) Scruff and dewlap: i. The scruff is loose. ii. The dewlap is noticeable and loose from under the chin. iii. The dewlap becomes taut between the front legs. 1.5 FOREQUARTER The forequarter is well muscled and correctly angulated from the well-sloped shoulder blade down to the elbow at an angle of 90°. The forequarter characteristics are quantifiable in terms of: 1.5.1 Chest The chest is: a)  strong, muscular and broad; b) well pronounced and placed deep between the front legs with good volume; c) the point of the prosternum is level with the point of the shoulder. 1.5.2 Shoulders The shoulder blades are well attached with an approximate 70 mm space in between. 1.5.3 Elbows a) The elbows are stable, parallel to and carried close to the body when in a stationary position and during movement, not limiting the optimal volume of the centre piece/torso. b) The height of the elbows is equal to ½ of the height at the withers. 1.5.4 Front legs  The front legs: a) have a substantive bone structure; b) are thick, strong and sturdy; c) have a well-defined musculature on the in- and outside of the upper parts and d) are vertical, as seen from the front and the side. 1.5.5 Pasterns  The front pasterns are: a) short, strong and of adequate girth as seen from the front and the side and b) are a vertical extension of the front legs as seen from both the front and the side, but slanting forward at a slight angle. 1.5.6 Front paws  The front paws are defined by: a) Size:  The front paws are large in circumference. b) Shape: i. Well padded, ball shaped and tight; ii. strong, curved, with dark pigmented toenails. c) Tread:  The front paws point and tread straight forward. 1.6 CENTRE PIECE The centre piece (torso) must be of adequate width and depth with a level, straight top line and a slight abdominal tuck-up. The length of the chest, loin and croup (rump) is approximately proportioned (2:1:1). The centre piece characteristics are quantifiable in terms of: 1.6.1 Ribcage   The ribcage (the area from the first chest vertebrae to the last rib bone) a) is well-sprung with a deep, rounded brisket; b) must ideally have a length proportion of 2:1 to the loin; c) the depth is equal to ½ the total height of the dog at the withers, descending slightly below the elbow; d) is filled behind the shoulder blades. 1.6.2 Back  The back (from a point behind the top of the scapula to the last rib bone) is: a) broad; b) flat; c) straight and d) well muscled. 1.6.3 Loin   The loin (from the last rib bone to the front of the primary thigh) is: a) of adequate depth (slightly less than the length of the loin); b) short (ideally ⅓ of total torso length); c) wide and flat when seen from the top; d) strong and muscular and e) moderately tucked up. 1.6.4 Top line a) The top line (from a point behind the top of the scapula to the beginning of the croup) is straight without any deviations. b) A very slight, non-flexible dip just behind the shoulders is normal. 1.7 HINDQUARTER The hindquarter is broad, of substantive depth, well muscled, in proportion to the rest of the dog and correctly angulated. The hindquarter characteristics are quantifiable in terms of: 1.7.1 Croup   The croup is: a) broad, strong/muscular; b) correctly angulated at 23° - from the ilium to the ischium and c) the height should not exceed the height at the withers. 1.7.2 Tail a) The tail is a natural extension of the spinal cord; therefore it is set fairly high, of adequate girth and straight. b) Docked tails should ideally be docked at the third caudal vertebrae, leading to an ideal adult tail length of about 8 cm. c) Long tails are permissible and are sabre shaped and should reach approximately to the hocks when the dog is standing. 1.7.3 Primary/Upper thigh  The upper thighs are broad, deep and with well-developed muscular definition when viewed from the side and the rear. 1.7.4 Secondary/Lower thigh  The lower thighs are well developed and display adequate, visible musculature down to the hock. 1.7.5 Stifles (Knees) a) The stifles are strong and firm. b) The angulation between the femur, tibia and fibula must be approximately 110° as seen from the side. 1.7.6 Hocks a) The hock joints are strong and stable; b) correctly angulated (45°) as seen from the side and c) parallel with each other when viewed from the rear. 1.7.7 Pasterns a) The hind pasterns are relatively short, strong and of adequate girth. b) When viewed from behind, they are parallel with one another. c) When viewed from the side, they are vertical. d) The front of the hind pastern is in line with the back of the haunch. e) Dewclaws may be removed. 1.7.8 Hind paws a) The hind paws are as the front paws but should be slightly smaller than the front paws. b) The hind paws point and tread straight to the front. 1.8 SKIN The skin is: a) thick and loose, and b) should show dark eumelanin pigmentation. c) There are moderate wrinkles on the brow when the dog is attentive. 1.9 COAT The coat is short, sleek and shiny with dense hair coverage.   The recognised colours are: a) All shades of brown (tan, red) or fawn. b) Solid black. c) Brindle: a colour pattern with irregular apparent vertical lines of only black hair on a brown (tan, red) or fawn base colour. d) Piebald: white spots on a brown (tan, red), fawn or brindle dog. e)   Irish:   a   brown   (tan,   red),   fawn   or   brindle   dog   with   a   white   blaze,   a   white   chest   that   can   extend   to   a   white   collar   and   white   feet and legs. f) All the colours and associated patterns should be accompanied by good pigmentation. g) No other colours or colour patterns or tan markings are acceptable. h) Undesirable colours are: i. Excessive/large white areas in all colours are undesirable, and must be eliminated. ii. More than a third white of the total body surface is undesirable as it may influence pigmentation.  (Definitions: “Undesirable” means: Not recommended, but acceptable. “Unacceptable” means: Disqualification) 2. ILLUSTRATED BREED STANDARD TERMINOLOGY Body length measured from A (prosternum) - B (rear of the rump/croup) Body height measured from C (withers) to the ground (D) Forequarter: A - C Centre piece:  C - F Loin: E - F Back: C – E Croup/Rump: F - G (tail setting) 1. Nose leather 2. Nasal bone (muzzle) 3. Stop 4. Cranial roof 5. Plateau 6. Ear 7. Muscular arch on neck 8. Withers (top of scapula) 9. Dewlap 10. Shoulder blade (scapula) 11. Shoulder joint (point of shoulder) 12. Upper front leg (humerus) 13. Elbow 14. Lower front leg (radius and ulna) 15. Front paws 16. Pastern joint 17. Front pastern 18. Tail 19. Ilium (point of hip) 20. Ischium (point of buttock) 21. Primary thigh 22. Femur 23. Knee (stifle) 24. Secondary thigh 25. Tibula and fibula 26. Hock 27. Hind pastern 28. Hind paws 3. DISQUALIFICATION 3.1 To gain comprehensive statistical and genetic data on all Boerboels, SABBS urges members to present all dogs for appraisal. Dogs that do not meet the minimum score at an appraisal and dogs that have been disqualified (for whatever reason) shall not be registered, but shall be recorded in  the PET Register.  (Refer to 3.3.3). 3.2 The   senior   appraiser   has   the   discretion   to   disqualify   a   dog   without   the   appraisal   process   having   been   followed   through,   in   which case the fees paid shall be reimbursed. He shall also notify the Office providing reasons for the disqualification. 3.3 A   dog   that   is   disqualified   because   of   aggression,   timidity   or   was   not   fully   developed   at   the   time   of   appraisal,   may   again   be brought forward for appraisal, provided that it has improved and/or matured. 3.4 The Society retains the right to disqualify and/or remove a specific dog from the database of which documentation presented proves to be fraudulent and/or incorrect. 3.5 Any serious deviations and/or combinations of deviations from the Breed Standard that affect the dog’s health/performance/ functionality and/or mobility negatively are considered unacceptable and can lead to disqualification and/or the placing of breeding restrictions, at the discretion of a senior appraiser in order to retain breed integrity. 3.6 Traits that shall lead to disqualification are: a) Any indication of another dog breed b) Temperament Any behavioural abnormalites, i.e.: i. An overly agressive and/or uncontrollabe dog. ii. A timid or insecure dog. iii. A dog that bites its owner. c) Size: i. A dog not meeting the prescribed height. ii. A dog with insufficient bone structure. iii. A too petite dog. iv. A too clumsy/unbalanced dog. v. Unacceptable proportions of body components.  d) Head: i. A head that is untypical Boerboel. ii. A too small or nondescript head. iii. Erect or semi-erect ears. iv. Structural deviations of  the eyes. v. Any other colour than yellow or brown eyes. vi. A nose leather that is not black. vii. Execessive deviations of dentition. viii. A narrow, too long or sharply pointed muzzle. e) Body: i. A chest that is too narrow. ii. Bandy or crooked legs. iii. A top line that is too hollow. iv. A top line that is humpbacked. v. A top line that is S-curved. vi. Serious cow hocks. vii. Serious sickle hocks. viii. Absolute straight hind legs. ix. Deformed spines. x. Kinked, corkscrew, deformed or tightly curling tails. f) Skin and pelt: i. Long and/or curly hair. ii. Excessive skin. g) Colour: i. Unacceptable colours and patterns in respect of the breed standard:   •  Liver colour on any basic breed standard colour.   •  Ticking on any basic breed standard colour.   •  Split face on any basic breed standard colour.   •  Dilute/ powder  and solid blue colour dogs.   •  Black-and-tan dogs.   •  Coat colour of more than one-third white overall.   •  Solid black with more than a white spot on the chest and white on the toes and paws.   •  Tri-colour   •  Any colours not part of the Breed Standard, to be voted on during the 2nd General Meeting. ii. Insufficient pigmentation h) Reproductive organs: i. Males without two natural and well-developed testicles. ii. Females with signs of vaginal hyperplasia or prolapse. i) Mobility: i. Clumsy or unbalanced movement. ii. Any visible impairment that seriously affects mobility. iii. Physical handicaps which are not the result of an earlier injury.
Boarboel Standard
Boerboel DNA Feragen
Boerboel Breed Standard (Clause 3 of the Constitution) (die deutsche Version folgt in Kürze) 1. BREED STANDARD CRITERIA The     Breed     Standard     is     a     guideline     which     describes     the     ideal characteristics,   temperament   and   appearance   of   the   breed   and   ensures that   the   breed   is   fit   for   function.   The   aim   of   this   Breed   Standard   is   to provide   guidelines   to   breeders,   appraisers   and   judges,   who   should   at   all times    be    vigilant    to    avoid    obvious    conditions    or    excessiveness,    that would    be    detrimental    in    any    way    to    the    health,    welfare    or    absolute soundness    of    the    Boerboel.Type,    conformation,    functional    efficiency, mentality   and   composure   are   equally   important   in   the   evaluation   of   the Boerboel   as   a   whole.   The   protective   character   of   the   breed   is   evident,   as well    as    its    impressive    demeanour,    good    temperament,    controllability and    mobility.Although    the    Boerboel    has    become    a    popular    breed internationally,   the   centre   for   breed   specific   knowledge   remains   in   South Africa,   as   this   is   where   its   character   is   embedded.Faults:   Any   departure from   the   Breed   Standard   shall   be   considered   a   fault   and   the   seriousness with   which   the   fault   shall   be   regarded,   shall   be   in   exact   proportion   to   the degree      and      its      effect      on      the      health      and      welfare      of      the dog.Disqualification:    Any    serious    deviations    and/or    combinations    of deviations   from   the   Breed   Standard   that   may   affect   the   dog’s   health and/or    performance    negatively    shall    lead    to    disqualification    at    the discretion of the senior appraiser. (Refer to 3.3: Disqualification). 1.1. TEMPERAMENT AND CHARACTER   The Boerboel is: a) manageable, reliable, obedient, trainable and intelligent; b) self-confident and fearless; c)   a   dog   with   a   strong   protective   instinct   and   loyal   to   members   of the family; d) shows courage when threatened; e)   steadfast   and   calm,   with   a   balanced   and   confident   nature   when approached and f) a dog requiring training and firm handling from an early age. 1.2. GENERAL APPEARANCE The Boerboel is: a) a large dog with a strong-boned structure; b)    perfectly    balanced    within    the    desired    proportions    for    the breed.   The   main   structural   components   of   the   dog   should   show acceptable                            proportions    to    each    other.    The    body    is approximately   10   -   15%   longer   than   the   height   (at   the   withers) and   is   measured   horizontally,   from   the   prosternum   (breastbone) to a vertical line at the rear of the rump; c) a dog with prominent and well-developed musculature; d)     impressive     and     imposing     in     appearance,     created     by     a combination   of   conformation,   carriage,   confidence   and   powerful, buoyant and unencumbered movement - notwithstanding its size. e)   Males   are   distinctly   masculine,   larger   and   more   heavily   built with    stronger    bone,    while    females    are    distinctly    feminine,    but without   weakness   of   substance   or   structure.   Sexual   dimorphism must be clearly evident. f) The ideal height of a male is 66 cm but not lower than 60 cm. g) The ideal height of a female is 61 cm but not lower than 55 cm. h)   Height   must   always   be   in   relation   to   mass   (minimum   of   1:1   and a   maximum   of   about   1:1.25),   overall   balance   and   conformation   of major body components. .... Die vollständige Version finden Sie im Internet. In dieser Smartphoneversion ist leider nur ein Teilstück verfügbar.
Boerboel DNA Feragen