Boerboel Breed Standard (Clause 3 of the Constitution)
BREED STANDARD CRITERIA
The Breed Standard is a guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of the breed and ensures that
TEMPERAMENT AND CHARACTER
The Boerboel is:
a) manageable, reliable, obedient, trainable and intelligent;
b) self-confident and fearless;
c) a dog with a strong protective instinct and loyal to members of the family;
d) shows courage when threatened;
e) steadfast and calm, with a balanced and confident nature when approached and
f) a dog requiring training and firm handling from an early age.
The Boerboel is:
a) a large dog with a strong-boned structure;
measured horizontally, from the prosternum (breastbone) to a vertical line at the rear of the rump;
c) a dog with prominent and well-developed musculature;
buoyant and unencumbered movement - notwithstanding its size.
without weakness of substance or structure. Sexual dimorphism must be clearly evident.
f) The ideal height of a male is 66 cm but not lower than 60 cm.
g) The ideal height of a female is 61 cm but not lower than 55 cm.
of major body components.
The shape and size of the head is a typical feature of the breed. The head
a) is large and typically Boerboel with no signs of another breed, and in proportion with the rest of the body components;
b) circumference equals the height to the withers (upper point of scapula);
c) is short, broad, deep, cubed, muscular and has well-filled cheeks.
Head characteristics are quantifiable in terms of:
a) The skull is large, well-muscled and cubed in appearance.
b) The width of the skull is equal to the length thereof.
length of the nasal bone in a relation of 1:1 to a maximum of 1:1.5.
d) The plateau is wide and flat with prominent musculature.
e) When the dog is alert, the upper level between the ears appears flat.
a) The face gradually blends with the scull.
b) The face may be with or without a black mask.
The ears are defined by:
The earflaps are set high and wide.
The earflaps are carried close to the head.
When attentive, the top of the earflaps must form a straight line with the plateau.
no creases and
a broad base.
The earflaps are medium sized and in proportion to the head.
The bottom edge of the earflap is in line with the dentition.
The eyes are defined by:
a) Size and setting:
Medium sized, rounded, forward facing, and widely spaced;
set on the same horizontal level and
not protruding, slanted or deep set.
Firm, well pigmented;
no structural deviations such as entropion, ectropion, disticiasis or signs of surgical intervention.
The third eyelid (haw) should not be visible.
The colour of the eye is any shade of yellow or brown, and preferably darker than the lightest shade of the pelt.
a) The stop is visible, but not prominent/pronounced or absent.
b) The section between the eyes is well filled.
Nasal bone (Muzzle)
The nasal bone is defined by:
Deep, broad, cubed shaped, and tapers slightly towards the front, but not snipey.
Straight and parallel to the line of the cranial roof.
Well attached and filled below the eyes.
The nostrils are large and widely spaced.
b) Width and depth:
The width is almost equal to its length.
The depth should equal the length.
The nasal bone is in proportion to the head, and measures approximately a third of the total length of the head, i.e.
approximately 10 cm for a male of 66 cm and 8 cm for a female of 61 cm. (Refer to 3.1.3 above.)
The nose leather is black.
a) The upper lip (under the nose) covers the top of the bottom lip.
b) The upper lip does not extend below the underline of the lower jaw.
c) The bottom lip is moderately tight (not too loose and fleshy), without open or excessive lip.
a) Dentition is complete.
b) Teeth are correctly spaced.
c) Teeth are ideally in a scissor bite.
The jaws are strong, deep and broad and taper slightly towards the front.
The neck is defined by:
Forms a unit with the head and the shoulders;
muscular and ideally with a discernible crest.
The neck is of medium length and in proportion to the rest of the dog. The length equals about 1/3 of the height at the withers.
c) Scruff and dewlap:
The scruff is loose.
The dewlap is noticeable and loose from under the chin.
The dewlap becomes taut between the front legs.
The forequarter is well muscled and correctly angulated from the well-sloped shoulder blade down to the elbow at an angle of
The forequarter characteristics are quantifiable in terms of:
The chest is:
a) strong, muscular and broad;
b) well pronounced and placed deep between the front legs with good volume;
c) the point of the prosternum is level with the point of the shoulder.
The shoulder blades are well attached with an approximate 70 mm space in between.
a) The elbows are stable, parallel to and carried close to the body when in a stationary position and during movement, not
limiting the optimal volume of the centre piece/torso.
b) The height of the elbows is equal to ½ of the height at the withers.
The front legs:
a) have a substantive bone structure;
b) are thick, strong and sturdy;
c) have a well-defined musculature on the in- and outside of the upper parts and
d) are vertical, as seen from the front and the side.
The front pasterns are:
a) short, strong and of adequate girth as seen from the front and the side and
b) are a vertical extension of the front legs as seen from both the front and the side, but slanting forward at a slight angle.
The front paws are defined by:
The front paws are large in circumference.
Well padded, ball shaped and tight;
strong, curved, with dark pigmented toenails.
The front paws point and tread straight forward.
The centre piece (torso) must be of adequate width and depth with a level, straight top line and a slight abdominal tuck-up. The
length of the chest, loin and croup (rump) is approximately proportioned (2:1:1).
The centre piece characteristics are quantifiable in terms of:
The ribcage (the area from the first chest vertebrae to the last rib bone)
a) is well-sprung with a deep, rounded brisket;
b) must ideally have a length proportion of 2:1 to the loin;
c) the depth is equal to ½ the total height of the dog at the withers, descending slightly below the elbow;
d) is filled behind the shoulder blades.
The back (from a point behind the top of the scapula to the last rib bone) is:
c) straight and
d) well muscled.
The loin (from the last rib bone to the front of the primary thigh) is:
a) of adequate depth (slightly less than the length of the loin);
b) short (ideally ⅓ of total torso length);
c) wide and flat when seen from the top;
d) strong and muscular and
e) moderately tucked up.
a) The top line (from a point behind the top of the scapula to the beginning of the croup) is straight without any deviations.
b) A very slight, non-flexible dip just behind the shoulders is normal.
The hindquarter is broad, of substantive depth, well muscled, in proportion to the rest of the dog and correctly angulated.
The hindquarter characteristics are quantifiable in terms of:
The croup is:
a) broad, strong/muscular;
b) correctly angulated at 23° - from the ilium to the ischium and
c) the height should not exceed the height at the withers.
a) The tail is a natural extension of the spinal cord; therefore it is set fairly high, of adequate girth and straight.
b) Docked tails should ideally be docked at the third caudal vertebrae, leading to an ideal adult tail length of about 8 cm.
c) Long tails are permissible and are sabre shaped and should reach approximately to the hocks when the dog is standing.
The upper thighs are broad, deep and with well-developed muscular definition when viewed from the side and the rear.
The lower thighs are well developed and display adequate, visible musculature down to the hock.
a) The stifles are strong and firm.
b) The angulation between the femur, tibia and fibula must be approximately 110° as seen from the side.
a) The hock joints are strong and stable;
b) correctly angulated (45°) as seen from the side and
c) parallel with each other when viewed from the rear.
a) The hind pasterns are relatively short, strong and of adequate girth.
b) When viewed from behind, they are parallel with one another.
c) When viewed from the side, they are vertical.
d) The front of the hind pastern is in line with the back of the haunch.
e) Dewclaws may be removed.
a) The hind paws are as the front paws but should be slightly smaller than the front paws.
b) The hind paws point and tread straight to the front.
The skin is:
a) thick and loose, and
b) should show dark eumelanin pigmentation.
c) There are moderate wrinkles on the brow when the dog is attentive.
The coat is short, sleek and shiny with dense hair coverage.
The recognised colours are:
a) All shades of brown (tan, red) or fawn.
b) Solid black.
c) Brindle: a colour pattern with irregular apparent vertical lines of only black hair on a brown (tan, red) or fawn base colour.
d) Piebald: white spots on a brown (tan, red), fawn or brindle dog.
f) All the colours and associated patterns should be accompanied by good pigmentation.
g) No other colours or colour patterns or tan markings are acceptable.
h) Undesirable colours are:
Excessive/large white areas in all colours are undesirable, and must be eliminated.
More than a third white of the total body surface is undesirable as it may influence pigmentation.
(Definitions: “Undesirable” means: Not recommended, but acceptable. “Unacceptable” means: Disqualification)
ILLUSTRATED BREED STANDARD TERMINOLOGY
Body length measured from A (prosternum) - B (rear of the rump/croup)
Body height measured from C (withers) to the ground (D)
Forequarter: A - C
Centre piece: C - F
Loin: E - F
Back: C – E
Croup/Rump: F - G (tail setting)
Nasal bone (muzzle)
Muscular arch on neck
Withers (top of scapula)
Shoulder blade (scapula)
Shoulder joint (point of shoulder)
Upper front leg (humerus)
Lower front leg (radius and ulna)
Ilium (point of hip)
Ischium (point of buttock)
Tibula and fibula
To gain comprehensive statistical and genetic data on all Boerboels, SABBS urges members to present all dogs for appraisal.
Dogs that do not meet the minimum score at an appraisal and dogs that have been disqualified (for whatever reason) shall not
be registered, but shall be recorded in the PET Register. (Refer to 3.3.3).
the fees paid shall be reimbursed. He shall also notify the Office providing reasons for the disqualification.
forward for appraisal, provided that it has improved and/or matured.
The Society retains the right to disqualify and/or remove a specific dog from the database of which documentation presented
proves to be fraudulent and/or incorrect.
Any serious deviations and/or combinations of deviations from the Breed Standard that affect the dog’s health/performance/
functionality and/or mobility negatively are considered unacceptable and can lead to disqualification and/or the placing
of breeding restrictions, at the discretion of a senior appraiser in order to retain breed integrity.
Traits that shall lead to disqualification are:
a) Any indication of another dog breed
Any behavioural abnormalites, i.e.:
An overly agressive and/or uncontrollabe dog.
A timid or insecure dog.
A dog that bites its owner.
A dog not meeting the prescribed height.
A dog with insufficient bone structure.
A too petite dog.
A too clumsy/unbalanced dog.
Unacceptable proportions of body components.
A head that is untypical Boerboel.
A too small or nondescript head.
Erect or semi-erect ears.
Structural deviations of the eyes.
Any other colour than yellow or brown eyes.
A nose leather that is not black.
Execessive deviations of dentition.
A narrow, too long or sharply pointed muzzle.
A chest that is too narrow.
Bandy or crooked legs.
A top line that is too hollow.
A top line that is humpbacked.
A top line that is S-curved.
Serious cow hocks.
Serious sickle hocks.
Absolute straight hind legs.
Kinked, corkscrew, deformed or tightly curling tails.
f) Skin and pelt:
Long and/or curly hair.
Unacceptable colours and patterns in respect of the breed standard:
• Liver colour on any basic breed standard colour.
• Ticking on any basic breed standard colour.
• Split face on any basic breed standard colour.
• Dilute/ powder and solid blue colour dogs.
• Black-and-tan dogs.
• Coat colour of more than one-third white overall.
• Solid black with more than a white spot on the chest and white on the toes and paws.
• Any colours not part of the Breed Standard, to be voted on during the 2nd General Meeting.
h) Reproductive organs:
Males without two natural and well-developed testicles.
Females with signs of vaginal hyperplasia or prolapse.
Clumsy or unbalanced movement.
Any visible impairment that seriously affects mobility.
Physical handicaps which are not the result of an earlier injury.